About the Guard
The Army National Guard (ARNG) is one branch of the total U.S. Army, consisting of the Active, Guard, and Reserve components. The Army National Guard is composed of reservists – civilians who serve their country on a part-time basis. Pennsylvania, like each state and territory, has its own Army National Guard force as provided by the United States Constitution. The Pennsylvania Army National Guard has a unique dual mission, with both Federal and State responsibilities.
During peacetime, the Governor, through the State Adjutant General, commands the Pennsylvania Guard forces. The Governor can call the Guard into action during local or statewide emergencies, such as storms, drought, and civil disturbances, to name a few. Additionally, the President of the United States (Commander-In-Chief) can activate the National Guard to participate in Federal missions. Examples of these are the many Pennsylvania Guard units that over the years have deployed to support operations overseas or here in the States.